Question and Answers

1st Lecture on 11 April 2016

Question / Comments Answer

Q. If I want to read relevant books,
what books should I read? Could you please
give me some examples?

A. Thank you for your question. Recommendable books are indicated in the website of Peace Palace Library --> Research Guide --> Air and Space Law. Please click here! I would also introduce those books next week.

Q. Do we need to prepare for the lecture
by reading books?

A. Basically I provide 2 texts per week concerning "space treaties" and "national space law and policy" from 2 following books:

[1] I. H. P. Diederiks-Verschoor and V. Kopal, Introduction to Space Law, Kluwer Law International, 2008; and

[2] Jakhu, Ram S. (ed.), National Regulation of Space Activities, Springer, 2010.

Q. Does this course require an exam? A. This course requires essay regarding the topics on: [1] national law and policy; or [2] theme discussed in lectures.
Q. Thank you for your lecture. I am absorbed
on today's topic.
But I'm wondering a certain thing concerning
the rights for free exploration and use
under the outer space.
Are they only for nations (states)?
or also for actors like individuals?
A. The Outer Space Treaty of 1967 stipulates on the states' freedom of exploration and use of outer space under Article I, not individuals. However, Article VI obliges states to be responsible for their nationals (=individuals) activities. In sum, individuals can enjoy the rights under "authorization" and "continuous supervision" by their states. This is the topic for next week!
C. It is comfortable for me to catch up
with your lecture.
A. Wow, thank you for your nice comment. I would like to "enjoy" this corse with you all!
Q. What is the biggest challenge for
working in an international organization?
A. Thank you for asking! To me, it was "different manner and different interpretation". For example, when I got a cold in the beginning of my internship in UN, I kept working hard to show my "toughness" (it is normal in Japan) even though I was coughing. However, to my colleague, I was infecting everyone and it was against good manner. Well, after that, I try not to go to office if I am sick ;-) even if the other people might regard me as "irresponsible" ;-) Let me explain more next week!

2nd Lecture on 18 Apri 2016

Question / Comments Answer
Q. Do we have a proper legislation process
for space law in UN?
A. There are several approaches for treaty-making in UN as it is a multilateral treaty; therefore, it seems difficult to say which one is proper and not. Due to the consensus principle, efforts in the past did not result into any treaty since 1979.
Q. On the part of Article I, you told us that
the exploration shall be carried out for
the benefit of all countires, but does it mean
it's alwasy not needed to conduct
"notification? I thinks it leads to
"free rider problems."
A. Thank you for your question. This week we studies from Article I to Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty of 1967. Notification is required under Article XI! So, please wait for the next lecture ;-) Let's think about how to achieve the goal written in Article I, without causing free rider problems.
C. Could you plese recommend me a book
that would be useful to get basic knowledge
in terms of space law introduction?

A. Thank you for your question. I have the same question last week and should have introduced during the lecture. One of the representative book for introduction is the following;

I. H. P. Diederiks-Verschoor and V. Kopal, Introduction to Space Law, Kluwer Law International, 2008.

One of recommendable way to find documents is to pick up a book of any public international law. All of such books have air law and space law introduction. Then, please chek books in library. Next week, I would introduce useful books at lecture!

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